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Speech Disorders in Children (Part 3)

Speech Disorders in Children (Part 3)

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I have covered apraxia and articulation disorder. There are other types of speech disorders in children.

There are basically three types of language disorders: Expressive Language Disorders (ELD), Receptive Language Disorders (RLD), and Expressive-Receptive Language Disorders (ERLD).


Children with ELDs can make sounds and say words. They have trouble using the right words and forming sentences. Articulation and dyspraxia disorders are examples of this.


  • Down’s syndrome

  • Autism

  • Hearing loss

  • Malnutrition

  • Brain damage (such as a stroke, traumatic head injury, or seizures)

  • Unknown cause

Related conditions

Research shows a link between ELD and ADHD. One study of speech disorders showed that 19% had ADHD. Also, 10% had an anxiety disorder, and 7% had an oppositional defiance disorder.


A child with an RLD has trouble understanding spoken and written language. He may seem to ignore you or just repeat the words you say. This is not the case. He may not understand that you asked a question or understand what you asked. This can be mistaken for hearing loss since they may not respond when you are talking to them. This type of disorder is often found in children with severe autism.


  • Genetic issues

  • Limited exposure to the spoken word

  • General developmental problems

Possible related conditions

  • Hearing impairments

  • Vision impairment

  • Attention disorders


A child with an ERLD will have both kinds of symptoms.


  • In acquired ERLD, the cause is some sort of brain damage, such as stroke.

  • Otherwise, the cause is unknown.

Related conditions

ERLD may be related to dyslexia and/or apraxia of speech.


Stuttering is generally considered to have a link to genetics, but no direct link has been established. It occurs more often in children with congenital disorders like cerebral palsy. It is often associated with anxiety. That is, a person may not stutter if he is not nervous.

Language disorders are not always easily diagnosed. Remember that you know your child best. If you think he has a problem, see your pediatrician.

Language disorders usually show up between 2 and 3 years of age. They are much more common in boys.

Children with developmental language disorders often do better as they get older. This is especially if they receive professional help.


6 Responses so far.

  1. Hi Ellen,

    Interesting, if sad, details about children’s speech disorders. Thank you for sharing.

  2. Hello Ellen,
    Welcome to PAC! We’re happy to have you in our blogging family! Interesting website. My son had/has and auditory processing disorder, which he compensates for now at 21. But it was challenging for him. I notice you’re new to blogging! That’s great. Keep going .. don’t give up .. it can be very rewarding…

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